According to a
recent article published in Modern Healthcare, women now fill about
38% of all medical residencies in the United States. This represents a
dramatic jump in the last decade, according to a new report by the
Association of American Medical Colleges.
There is a big demand and
void for female physicians, especially in the specialties of internal
medicine, pediatrics, family practice, obstetrics/gynecology and psychiatry.
With the increased supply of female physicians in the next few years,
many facilities will be able to balance their medical staffs to meet patient
The proportion of women
medical residents has grown more than a third since 1989 when women made up
only about 28% of all residencies. Last year there were about 97,300
men and women working in graduate medical education.
Of all women residents, over
one-fourth are training in internal medicine (including subspecialties),
according to the report, Women in U.S. Academic Medicine Statistics.
The next highest concentrations are 16% in pediatrics (including
subspecialties), 14% in family practice, 9% in obstetrics/gynecology, and 7%
in psychiatry (see table below). The percentage of women residents training
in each of the surgical subspecialties remains below 1%. Neurosurgery,
plastic surgery and urology garner less than .4% each. Thoracic surgery and
colon/rectal surgery is less than .1% for each specialty.
The availability of more
female physicians will continue to change the composition of practices and
medical staffs. The process will take several years before there is noticeable
change in the marketplace.